P800M proposed loan 'to address proverty in Samar'

Catbalogan CitySamar Governor Sharee Ann Tan recently explicitly explained that the P800 million proposed loan is an unprecedented move in the history of the province to address poverty particularly the small farmers through the realization of development projects in various parts of the province.


Governor Sharee Ann Tan
In an interaction with local media, the young lady governor stressed that embarking on such a huge project is the only way where the provincial government can truly alleviate the plight of many Samarnons who were deprived for so long a time of basic infrastructure that can provide them livelihood opportunities due to inadequacy of local resources.

Governor Tan underscores that the multi-million pesos project proposal came up through a collaboration of different sectors, government and private, and community consultations to identify the needs of the rural folks.

“It is not just infrastructure but equally important is the infusion of livelihood aspect of the project. The farmers will no longer have any reason that they could not produce more because by that time, farm-to-market roads are already in place,” Tan said.

The Provincial Government of Samar is now completing the necessary documentary requirements for the final approval of the loan with the Land Bank of the Philippines which according to the governor is payable in 15 years with five percent interest fixed rate per annum. "We find this a better deal than that of DBP's offer of 5.5% interest," the provincial chief said. 


A part of amount to be borrowed will be earmarked as the province’s counterpart in World Bank-funded Philippine Rural Development Project (PRDP) amounting to about P1 billion.

The PRDP is a six-year project designed to establish the government platform for a modern, climate-smart and market-oriented agri-fishery sector. PRDP will partner with the LGUs and the private sector in providing key infrastructure, facilities, technology, and information that will raise incomes, productivity, and competitiveness in the countryside.

Tan said that the loan will be allocated for the 10 percent equity of the provincial government in the amount of P100 million to the P1 billion grant from the World Bank (WB) for the improvement/concreting of approximately 98.56 kilometers farm-to-market roads.

A slice of the provincial government’s loan, P300 million in total, will be allotted for the regular infrastructure project of the provincial government and the construction of farm-to-market roads in four villages of Catbalogan City, and in the towns of San Jorge and Jiabong. The figure will also fund the repair and development of other FMRs in the province and those leading to various major tourist destinations in the province. These roads are situated in the villages of Basey, Gandara, Pinabacdao, Pagsanghan, Tarangan, Sta. Rita, and Villareal. "Improving roads to these places are key in upgrading our province to a higher economic status," she stressed.

Also included in the pipeline are the P200 million for the construction of the first phase of the new Samar Provincial Hospital. The amount will add to P100 million as augmentation of the national government funds through Department of Health (DOH). "DOH even promised us that if we are able to fund (the P200 million), they will raise their counterpart to P150 million. That's halfway already to the P700 million hospital masterplan DOH has endorsed us," Tan explained.



Roads and Bridges

The Maharlika Highway links Samar to Luzon and Mindanao.  The total road network in the province is 1,217.20119 kilometers long.  Bridges connecting the national roads have a total length of 2,399.64 linear meters, while those connecting the provincial roads are stretched over 309.90 linear meters.

Passenger and cargo vehicles from Samar are transported by ferryboats from Allen, Northern, Samar to Luzon across the San Bernardino Strait through Bicol road network.  Southbound transport to Mindanao is possible.  Ferryboats sail for Surigao from Liloan, Southern, Leyte.  Ferryboats also service the Leyte-Cebu waterway from Pingon, Isabel, Leyte.

Road classification is broken into the following: National roads, 326.18019 kilometers (26.80 percent); provincial roads, 290.439 kilometers (23.86 percent); municipal roads, 69.515 kilometers (5.71 percent); barangay roads, 520.832 kilometers (42.79 percent) and city roads, 10.235 kilometers (0.84 percent).  Only 35.90 percent of the roads in the province are paved while 64.10 percent are unpaved roads.

Agriculture

The province has a total land area of 559,100 hectares.  Of this, 140,529 hectares or 25.13 percent is agricultural land.

The potential irrigable land of the province of Samar is 15,782 hectares. The total irrigated area is merely 2,327 hectares, which is only about 15 percent of the total potential irrigable area.

As an agricultural province, the Bureau of Agricultural Statistics (BAS-Samar) identified the following highly produced crops in 2012 as major: Coconut, banana, palay, corn, cassava, camote, gabi and pineapple. Ubi, one of the rootcrops grown in the province could also be considered, but it is a seasonal crop and only a little portion of farm lot is devoted to it. Almost all of the agricultural cops mentioned showed an increased production from 2010-2012.

Status of Irrigation Development (2008)

Area (Ha.)
  Potential irrigable area

15,782
     Communal
1,908

     OGA
48

     Private
371

     Total Irrigated
2,327

  Area for development

13,455
  % Developed / Irrigated area

15%

Palay production (see Table below) showed a positive trend from 2008-2012. An increase of 32.70 percent was noted within the 5-year period, from 105,896 metric tons in 2008 to 140,529 metric tons in 2012. Likewise, its harvested area was increased from 46,694 hectares to 54,698 hectares and registered an average yield of 2.27-2.57 metric tons per hectare.

From 2008-2012, palay posted a total production of 622,995 metric tons which averaged at 124,599 metric tons annually. Rainfed is always placed at more than 80 percent of the total palay production and rest for irrigated and upland.

Comparative Palay and Corn Production (2008-2012)
Type of Crop
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
  Palay





     Production (M.T.)
105,896
114,168
124,084
138,318
140,529
        Irrigated
16,284
16,956
15,841
17,232
17,372
        Rainfed
89,612
97,212
108,243
118,478
119,802
        Upland
-
-
-
2,608
3,355
     Area Harvested (Ha.)
46,694
47,201
49,385
54,336
54,698
        Irrigated
4,658
4,743
4,742
5,101
5,134
        Rainfed
42,036
42,458
44,643
47,213
47,147
        Upland
-
-
-
2,022
2,417
     Average Yield (M.T./Ha.)
2.27
2.42
2.51
2.55
2.57
        Irrigated
3.50
3.57
3.34
3.38
3.38
        Rainfed
2.13
2.29
2.42
2.51
2.54
        Upland
-
-
-
1.29
1.39
  Corn





     Production
7,227
8,318
9,129
9,198
9,133
     Area Harvested
5,431
6,070
6,432
6,647
6,656
     Average Yield
1.33
1.37
1.42
1.38
1.37

Crop Production

Ninety percent (90%) of the population of the province of Samar is dependent on rice for their food intake; hence it is staple food of the Samareños.  In the year 2000, total palay production under the Agrikulturang MakaMASA program, registered at 40,579.48 metric tons, of which 9,751.74 metric tons came from irrigated fields; 29,110 metric tons, rainfed/lowlands; and 1,717.74 metric tons, uplands.  The decrease in production for this year could be attributed to the occurrence of rat infestation in the entire province and typhoon damage reported which occurred in October 2000.

The total area harvested for the same year (2000) was 16,516.86 hectares.  Of this total, 3,102.45 hectares or 18.78% was irrigated; 12,173.66 hectares or 73.70% rainfed; and, 1,240.75 hectares or 7.51%, upland.

Total corn production (white) recorded at 613.09 metric tons (MakaMASA Report 2000) and its average yield for this year registered at 1.61 metric tons/hectare.  Comparing the average yield for 1999 and 2000, the decrease in production to 59% could be attributed to unsuitable weather.
Vegetable production was very minimal.  The province was only able to produce 29.2 metric tons of various vegetables for the year 2000.

Selected root crops such as cassava, sweet potato, gabi and ubi registered a total production of 16,073 metric tons.  Cassava represents 45.36% of the total production with an average yield of 1.27 metric tons/hectare.

The Bureau of Agricultural Statistics (BAS) also reported a banana production of 31,301.3 metric tons in an area harvested at 4,817 hectares with an average yield of 6.498 metric tons/hectare.  This performance could be attributed to the campaign of commercialization and the adoption of farmers of desuckering method.

Coconut is the main commercial crop in the province, which are mostly concentrated in coastal areas.  Total coconut area for the year 2000 was 563,670 hectares.  The total number of coconut trees was 10,099, 872 of which 7,322, 525 (72.5%) are bearing trees and 2,777,347 (27.5%) are non-bearing trees.  The total coconut production was 270,360,381 nuts with an average yield of 37 nuts/tree/year and its equivalent copra production was 57,290 metric tons.  It recorded a remarkable increase of 58.08% from its 1999 production.

For CY 2004, there was only a slight growth (1.56%) in palay production, which totaled 66,114 metric tons, from 65,097 metric tons in 2003. Corn production as of CY 2003, recorded a total of 4,546 metric tons and was up by 5.52% or 4,797 metric tons in 2004.

Likewise, total production in vegetables (leafy and fruit) for the year exceeded the total production of 2003 (487.50 MT) by 22.27%, equivalent to 596.09 metric tons, of which 93.74% came from fruit vegetables (see table below).

Type of Crop
2004
2003
Harvested Area
(Ha.)
Production
(MT)
Harvested Area
(Ha.)
Production
(MT)
 Rice
 Irrigated
 Rainfed
40,031.00   
4,112.00
35,919.00   
66,114.00   
9,896.00
56,218.00   
40,027.00   
4,101.00
35,926.00   
65,097.00   
9,754.00
55,373.00   
 Corn (White)
5,343.00   
4,797.00   
5,347.00   
4,546.00   
 Vegetables
 Fruit
 Leafy
166.00   
146.00
20.00   
596.09   
558.79
37.30   
108.00   
88.00
20.00   
487.50   
437.92
49.58   
 Rootcrops
 Cassava
 Sweet Potato
 Gabi
 Ubi
9,210.00   
4,739.00
4,014.00
433.00
24.00   
16,871.94   
7,709.03
5,030.70
4,085.37
46.84   
9,199.00   
4,734.00
4,009.00
432.00
24.00   
16,528.79   
7,542.45
4,913.03
4,027.84
45.47   
 Fruit (Banana)
3,833.00  
103,860.50  
3,833.00  
108,380.35  

Root crops on the other hand rose production to 16,871.94 metric tons in 2004 or 2.08% higher than the previous year. Cassava is still the leading root crop for the year.

Banana fruit, which could be seen in the market all year round has lowered its production by 4.17% from 108,380.35 metric tons in the year 2003 down to 103,860.50 metric tons in 2004.

Palay production data with intervention (see table below) includes the use of hybrid and certified seeds together with the use of organic and inorganic fertilizers, while the without intervention includes the use of only good seeds with or without fertilizers.

Data on the tables below showed a significant difference in the average yields for palay production using hybrid and certified seeds plus the application of organic and inorganic fertilizers compared with palay production using only good seeds.



Share on Google Plus

About Rowel Montes

This is a short description in the author block about the author. You edit it by entering text in the "Biographical Info" field in the user admin panel.